The MDG Challenges: Demographic and Poverty Situation:The population of South Sudan is currently estimated to be around 7.5 million with around 4.5 million either internally displaced (4.0 million) or taking refuge in the neighbouring countries (0.5 million), with almost the entire population (98 percent) living in the rural areas. The population density is approximately 16 persons per square kilometre. More than 70 percent of total area (0.75 million square ilometres) of South Sudan is considered to be of high potential.
The Monthly Juba Headline Consumer Price Index (CPI) increased by 2.57% in
The monthly headline inflation rate for the month of September rose by 2.57%
compared to 0.08% in August. The increase in the all-items-index was on account
of food prices especially rice and sorghum among the cereals and vegetables generally.
The increase in prices during the month of September was therefore due to reduced
supply of food staffs as the roads get bad due to heavy rainfall.
The prices of food alone increased by 7.89% compared to a drop of 2.50% in August.
The following line graph shows monthly inflationary trends for the last one year from
October to September.
Monthly Inflationary Trends fom Oct. to Sep.
Other Price Movements
Other notable movements in prices were in charcoal, paraffin and diesel all of which
dropped and newspapers whose prices rose.
The annual percentage changes in the index [annual inflation rate] for all items were
8.80%, 7.84%, 6.68%, 25.36%, 23.92 and 21.65 at the month-ends of April, May, June
and July, August and September respectively; and the annual percentage changes in
the food group alone were 2.14%, 1.06%,-1.02%, 36.38%, 28.21% and 35.29% at the end
of April, May, June, July, August and September respectively.